The selective functional movement assessment is a clinical assessment of your movement patterns to help diagnosis any painful movement problems you may be experiencing. There are seven full body movements in total and they are used to assess everyday movements such as sitting, bending and squatting. When your movement patterns are assessed in this way, it becomes possible to diagnose and treat the musculoskeletal pain.
The clinical examination of the movements can be used to identify any physical impairment that although unrelated to their pain, may have a contribution to any discomfort. This concept, known as Regional Interdependence, is the hallmark of the SFMA.
What is SFMA?
The screening process consists of seven movement tests that any healthy adult should be able to perform without any difficulty. It is designed to assess basic body movements and can help identify muscle asymmetries, tightness and weaknesses that could have impact on your ability to move without pain.
Ideally, all our movements should be of a functional nature, but when a movement becomes dysfunctional for whatever reason, it can have an impact on how a person’s ability to move free of pain. SFMA will allow us to find the most dysfunctional pain free movement and examine it in greater detail; only by isolating the dysfunctional movement can an effective form of therapy be implemented.
How it Can Help You
Your body, if everything is in coordination and balanced should be able to perform any type of movement free from pain, but if imbalances occur, either muscular or skeletal, then it will affect the bodies overall movement. The human body will often try to compromise its movements if there is pain, weakness, tightness or other structural abnormalities. These imbalances can manifest in various forms, such as decreased range of movement, a change in muscle length and a loss of strength.
An effective course of therapy will not focus on treating an isolated area, but will cover the whole pattern of the movement and should end in restoring the full range of movement.
Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a screen conducted by health professionals that captures dysfunctional fundamental movement patterns. The FMS is comprised of seven movement tests that require a balance of mobility and stability. The patterns used provide observable performance of basic, manipulative and stabilizing movements by placing clients in positions where weaknesses, imbalances, asymmetries and limitations become noticeable.
Benefits of FMS include:
- Communication to the Patient– The FMS utilizes simple language, making it easy for patients to clearly understand any dysfunctional patterns and treatment options.
- Evaluation – The screen effortlessly identifies asymmetries and limitations, diminishing the need for extensive testing and analysis.
- Standardization – The FMS creates a functional baseline to mark progress and provides a means to measure performance.
- Safety – The FMS quickly identifies dangerous movement patterns so that they can be and also indicates an individual’s readiness to perform exercise so that realistic goals can be set and achieved.
- Corrective Strategies – The FMS can be applied at any fitness level, simplifying corrective strategies of a wide array of movement issues. It identifies specific exercises based on individual FMS scores to instantly create customized treatment plans.
Functional Skill – This addresses the optimal amount of sports-specific or activity-specific skill.
Functional Performance – This addresses how the use of linking movements or kinetic linking.
Functional Movement – This addresses the body’s full range of motion.